Friday, May 30, 2008

Hewlett-Packard Company

The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly referred to as HP, is an American information technology corporation, specializing in personal computers, notebook computers, servers, network management software, printers, digital cameras, and calculators, among other technology related products.
Headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States, it has a global presence in the fields of computing, printing, and digital imaging, and also provides software and services. The company, which once catered primarily to engineering and medical markets—a line of business it spun off as Agilent Technologies in 1999—now markets to households and small business products such as printers, cameras and ink cartridges found in grocery and department stores.
HP posted US $91.7 billion in annual revenue in 2006[1] compared to US$91.4 billion for IBM, making it the world's largest technology vendor in terms of sales. In 2007 the revenue was $104 billion,[2] making HP the first IT company in history to report revenues exceeding $100 billion.[3]
HP is the largest worldwide seller of personal computers, surpassing rival Dell, according to market research firms Gartner and IDC reported in October 2006;[4] the gap between HP and Dell widened substantially at the end of 2006, with HP taking a near 3.5% market share lead.
Technology and products
HP has successful lines of printers, scanners, digital cameras, calculators, PDAs, servers, workstation computers, and computers for home and small business use computers; many of the computers came from the 2002 merger with Compaq. HP today promotes itself as supplying not just hardware and software, but also a full range of services to design, implement and support IT infrastructure.
The three business segments: Enterprise Storage and Servers (ESS), HP Services (HPS), and HP Software are structured beneath the broader Technology Solutions Group (TSG).
Imaging and Printing Group (IPG)
According to HP's 2005 U.S. SEC 10-K filing,[10] HP's Imaging and Printing Group is "the leading imaging and printing systems provider in the world for printer hardware, printing supplies and scanning devices, providing solutions across customer segments from individual consumers to small and medium businesses to large enterprises." This division is currently headed by Vyomesh Joshi.
Products and technology associated with the Imaging and Printing Group include:
* Inkjet and LaserJet printers, consumables and related products
* Officejet all-in-one multifunction printer/scanner/faxes
* Large Format Printers
* Indigo Digital Press
* HP Web Jetadmin printer management software
* HP Output Management suite of software, including HP Output Server
* LightScribe optical recording technology that laser-etches labels on disks
* HP Photosmart digital cameras and photo printers
* HP SPaM Hosted within IPG, SPaM is an internal consulting group that supports all HP businesses on mission-critical strategic and operation decisions.
Personal Systems Group (PSG)
HP's Personal Systems Group claims to be "one of the leading vendors of personal computers ("PCs") in the world based on unit volume shipped and annual revenue."[10]
Personal Systems Group products/technology include:
* Consumer PCs including the HP Pavilion, Compaq Presario and VoodooPC series
* Workstations for Unix, Windows and Linux systems
* Handheld Computing including iPAQ Pocket PC handheld computing devices (from Compaq)
* Digital "Connected" Entertainment including HP MediaSmart TVs, HP MediaSmart Servers, HP MediaVaults, DVD+RW drives, HP Movie Writer and HP Digital Entertainment Center. HP resold the Apple iPod until November 2005.[10]
* Home Storage Servers
Enterprise Storage and Servers Group (ESS)
* HP ProLiant: entry line of x86 based servers (from Compaq)
o ProLiant BL: x86-based blade servers (from Compaq)
* Integrity: server line using the Itanium processor architecture running several operating systems including HP-UX
o Integrity BL: Itanium-based blade servers
o HP Integrity Superdome: line of high-end servers
* HP 9000: line of servers and workstations based on PA-RISC processors and running HP-UX
o HP 9000 Superdome: line of high-end servers
* AlphaServer: product line using the Alpha processor (from DEC) and running either:
o Tru64 operating system (from DEC)
o OpenVMS operating system (from DEC)
* NonStop: high-reliability MIPS-based architecture and operating system (from Tandem Computers)
* StorageWorks: product line (from Compaq), which includes business class and enterprise class data storage and protection products.[11]
o StorageWorks HP XP high-end storage arrays (from Hitachi)
o StorageWorks EVA mid-range storage arrays (from Compaq)
HP Software
* the OpenView family of management software
* the OpenCall family of telecom software
* HP-UX operating system developed since 1983
* HP MirrorDisk
With the major acquisitions of Peregrine and Mercury Interactive completed, HP has dropped the names OpenView, Peregrine and Mercury from its portfolio. The Business Technology Optimization (BTO)part of the software organization is now being referred to as HP Software. The OpenCall branding still remains.
Office of Strategy and Technology
HP's Office of Strategy and Technology [12], under Executive Vice President Shane Robison:
* Steers the company's $3.6 billion research and development investment — including HP Labs.
* Fosters the development of the company's global technical community.
* Leads the company's strategy and corporate development efforts — including mergers, acquisitions, divestitures, intellectual property licensing, venture capital partnerships, and the ProCurve Networking Business Unit. [13]
* Performs worldwide corporate marketing activities — including external and internal communications, brand marketing, customer intelligence, and corporate affairs.
HP Labs
HP Labs (or HP Laboratories) is the research arm of HP. Founded in 1966, HP Labs' function is to deliver new technologies and to create business opportunities that go beyond HP's current strategies. An example of recent HP Lab technology includes the Memory spot chip.
HP IdeaLab
HP IdeaLab provides a web forum on early-state innovations to encourage open feedback from consumers and the development community. [14]
ProCurve Networking Business Unit
HPs networking business unit, ProCurve, are responsible for the family of network switches, wireless access points, and routers.[15]
Environmental Record
In 1998, PA EPA sought a $2.5mil penalty against Hewlett Packard for violations against the Substance Control Act.[16] The PA EPA alleged that the company had not filed a Pre-Manufacturing Notice (PMN) before it began manufacturing and exporting chemicals. Without filing these PMNs, the EPA cannot conduct risk analysis of new chemicals.
In 2002, ranked Hewlett Packard facilities in the top 10-20 percentile for total environmental releases and top 30-40 percentile for air releases of recognized developmental toxicants.[17] It also showed that HPs factory in Puerto Rico released 246lbs of air released TRI pollutants, and had a total of 483,136lbs of production related wastes.[17]
In July 2007, the company announced that it had met its target, set in 2004, to recycle 1 billion pounds of electronics and toner and ink cartridges.[18] It has set a new goal of recycling a further 2 billion pounds of hardware by the end of 2010. In 2006, the company recovered 187 million pounds of electronics, 73 percent more than its closest competitor.[citation needed]
HP Certified Professionals
Hewlett-Packard's Certified Professional (HP-CP) program is organised by job roles. Within each role, there are certification levels. It was developed to confirm the technical skills, sales competencies and knowledge that is required to propose and deploy, service and support technology and solutions sold by HP. HP-CP is intended for customers, resellers, and HP employees.
HP contributes to free software projects such as the Linux operating system. Some HP employees, such as Linux CTO and former Debian Project Leader Bdale Garbee, actively contribute and have Open Source job responsibilities. Many others participate in the Open Source community as volunteers. HP is also known in the (GNU/) Linux community for releasing drivers for most of their printers under the GNU GPL. [19]
Hewlett-Packard also continues Compaq's extensive relationship with Microsoft and uses technology from most major software and hardware vendors.
Until November 2005, HP offered a re-branded version of the Apple iPod.[10]
HP partners with many application software companies, for example SAP AG.

1 comment:

Buchanan said...

I own the HP 9000dn toner and printer and they are very reliable. This brand is legit.